Enola McDaniel George


Biographical Database of Black Women Suffragists

Biographical Sketch of Enola McDaniel George, 1888-1941

By Thomas Dublin, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Binghamton University

Enola McDaniel was born in Washington, D.C. in about 1888. She attended college for two years and in 1910 she was teaching in a Colored school and she lived in Thornbury, PA. She married Clayborne George in August 1918 who became a well-known lawyer in Cleveland and president for a time of the Cleveland branch of the NAACP. The 1930 and 1940 censuses do not indicate any children.

In February 1921, Enola George joined a delegation of 60 Black women suffragists, who protested violations of the recently ratified 19th Amendment in Southern states that denied Black women their voting rights. The delegation, headed by the NAACP field secretary, Addie W. Hunton, met with Alice Paul, head of the National Woman's Party (NWP) on the eve of the party's national convention. Their purpose was to press the NWP to pass a resolution calling on Congress to investigate the failures of Southern states to enforce the 19th Amendment for Black women. Paul made no such commitment and the convention as a whole refused to endorse the call.

Enola George's connection with the NAACP continued and in 1924 she chaired a committee planning a fundraising event for the Cleveland branch. In the late 1930s she was also active with the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. In June 1936 she played a hospitality role at the Republican National Convention when it met in Cleveland.

Enola George died in Cleveland in August 1941. Her obituary indicated that hundreds attended her funeral at the Antioch Baptist church and that she had taught for ten years in Washington, D.C. schools.


Federal Manuscript Censuses, Thornbury, PA, 1910; Cleveland, OH 1920-1930; New York, 1930. Death record. August 1941. Accessible online with Ancestry Library Edition.

Biographical sketch of Clayborne George, in the online Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Accessible at https://case.edu/ech/articles/g/george-clayborne.

List of NAACP Delegation Members to Alice Paul, 12 February 1921, NAACP Papers, Part 04 Voting Rights and Voting Rights Campaign, 1916-1950 (Feb. 8, 1921-April 3, 1921), frames 61-64, Library of Congress.

"Fight for G.O.P. Seats," Chicago Defender, 6 June 1936. p. 1.

"Pay Last Tribute to Clevelander," Chicago Defender, 23 August 1941, p. 6.


Related Writings in Database

View works by

View works about

Related Works in DuBois Online Correspondence: 2



Back to List of Black Woman Suffragists
back to top