Lugie Buck Ferguson


Biographical Database of Black Women Suffragists

Biographical Sketch of Lugie Buck Ferguson, 1890-1988

By Kelly Marino, Sacred Heart University

Lugie Buck was born in 1890, daughter of C.C. and Maria Buck. She married Herman Ferguson in January 1913 and the couple lived for many years on Harrison Street in Lynchburg, Virginia. They had one daughter, Mary Louise and Herman were divorced in 1929. Ferguson worked for most of her early life as a public school teacher at the Jackson Street School in the city. After retirement, she took a job as a personal hairdresser for local women, traveling to their homes for beauty treatments with her carpet bag full of supplies.

The 1920 census had the couple living alone in Lynchburg. Lugie worked as a teacher and Herman as a waiter. The 1930 census had her living alone in Lynchburg, working as a masseuse, owning a home valued at $2,500.

She also was involved in community organizations. Ferguson served as the treasurer for the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She was active in the Holy Cross Catholic Church. Later in life, she served on a bi-racial board of directors that oversaw the Bethune Nursery School, where she helped with a fundraising campaign to secure money for a station wagon to transport students and ensure their safety.

At 30 years old on September 1, 1920, Ferguson became one of the first of three African American women in Lynchburg to register to vote after the Nineteenth Amendment became federal law in 1920. Her niece Norma Clayton Bacchus was among the second group of black women to register the next day on Sept. 2.

She died in 1988 at the age of 98, in Westminster at Westminster Canterbury, a retirement community in Lynchburg, VA. She was buried in a family plot next to her friend and neighbor Virginia Randolph in Lynchburg's Old City Cemetery.


"Black Schools and Colleges in Lynchburg, A Digital Exhibit." Lynchburg Museum. Accessed July 16, 2022.

Julienne, Marianne E. "‘Really and Truly a Citizen': Virginia Women Register To Vote In 1920." The UncommonWealth (Library of Virginia). September 16, 2020.

"Lynchburgers Raise $2,400 For Nursery Station Wagon New Journal and Guide (1916-)." New Journal and Guide. May 17, 1947, 12.

Simms, Hunter. "First Three Lynchburg African American Women Voters." Lynchburg Museum. February 12, 2019.

Federal Manuscript Censuses, Lynchburg, 1920 and 1930,and 1929 divorce record, accessed online via Ancestry Library edition.

Consulted with and used Information from Ted Delaney, Lynchburg Museum Director, Chief Public History Officer, Lynchburg, VA.

Consulted with and used Information from Marianne E. Julienne, Education and Outreach Department, Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA.


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