Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890-1920
Biography of Julia Alcocke King, 1881-1968
By Cameron Cooper, undergraduate student, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana
President, Suffrage League, (1919, Shreveport, LA), Treasurer, Louisiana State Women Suffrage Association
Julia Alcocke, later Julia A. King, was born in November 1881 in Shreveport, Louisiana. She married architect Clarence M. King, with whom she had one daughter, Lola Fay King. According to the 1930 U.S. Census, Julia King lived with her husband, daughter, and younger sister, Fay J. Alcocke in Shreveport. According to the 1940 Census, she and her husband still lived at the same address.
King's work is documented in a variety of newspaper articles, specifically in The Times Picayune (New Orleans) and The Caucasian (Shreveport). The Times-Picayune listed more of King's suffrage work while The Caucasian lists local "personal" news, which does not mention work with suffrage.
She is recorded as able to read and write, and her education is listed as "College, 4th year" on the United States Federal Census from 1940, but it does not identify which school she attended. King was very involved in the suffrage movement in Louisiana. Her work with organizations such as the Louisiana State Woman Suffrage Association, in which she served as treasurer (from 1916 into the 1920s), was essential in organizing a state suffrage movement. Various articles from the Times-Picayune place her with a group of women (including Jean Gordon, the president of the LSWSA and younger sister of suffrage leader Kate Gordon) leading the movement and organizing a conference in Alexandria in 1918. The organization's work included pushing for a statewide suffrage amendment, as well as organizing city-wide or parish-wide movements. While the statewide amendment failed, tax-paying women in New Orleans were granted the right to vote on tax-related questions. The organization focused largely on the right to vote; however, it also worked with labor reform and other civic issues.
After working as the treasurer for the LSWSA, King also was involved in more local efforts for suffrage. In 1919 she is recorded in the Official Register and Directory of the Women's Clubs in America as the president of the Suffrage League in Shreveport, LA.
After 1920 her work with suffrage is not as prevalent in articles; however, she and her husband are tied to the Woman's Department Club, which was founded in the 1919 in Shreveport, LA. The Club was tied to the Hypathia Literary Club, and served to promote literary, educational, and artistic growth for Shreveport. Though her involvement in this club is not very well documented, her husband is listed as the architect for the club's main building.
Julia Alcocke King died in 1968 in her 80s and is buried in the Forest Park East Cemetery in Caddo Parish, Shreveport, LA.
Gravestone to Julia Alcocke King in the Forest Park East Cemetery in Caddo Parish, Shreveport, LA.
Source: John Andrew Prime
Times-Picayune, published as The Times-Picayune (New Orleans, Louisiana)
[Dates of paper and article page numbers listed]
01-29-1916 (p.7), 07-10-1918(p.4), 07-11-1918 (p.5), 01-29-1916 (p.3), 11-06-1918 (p.1)
Caucasian, published as The Caucasian (Shreveport, La.) 1900-1920s May 29, 1910, Image 8; August 21, 1910, Image 8; March 19, 1911, Image 8
1940 United States Federal Census: Louisiana, Caddo, Shreveport 9-61
Kennel, Tianna. "Women Take Lead in Arts, Culture and Entertainment." Shreveporttimes.com. N.p., 25 Mar. 2015. (Describes the Woman's Department Club) see also: https://www.thewomansdepartmentclub.com/
http://digitalcommons.law.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5926&context=lalrev https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=71698436 http://www.knowlouisiana.org/entry/womens-rights-movement
Ida Husted Harper, et al., eds. History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 6. (Salem, NH: Ayer, 1985. Origninally published, 1922), Louisiana Chapter, p. 217 [LINK].
Winslow, H. (1922). Official Register and Directory of the Women's Clubs in America.