Biographical Sketch of Kathryn Sellers

Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890-1920

Biography of Kathryn Sellers, 1870-1939

By Anna Assogba, Research Librarian, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Secretary of Washington, D.C. chapter of the College Equal Suffrage League

Kathryn Sellers was born in Broadway, Ohio, on Christmas Day, 1870, to John Henry and Nancy J. Sellers. She had five siblings, four of whom survived childhood: Charles French, James, Henry, and Mary. Her family relocated to Marysville, Ohio, where she grew up and attended school. After high school, she took a position in 1891 as a meteorological clerk in the United States Weather Bureau (at that time under the Department of Agriculture), an opportunity made possible by the recommendation of Theodore Roosevelt. She worked there until 1900, when she entered the State Department to work as a librarian, where she served until 1911. In 1903, she attended a short training in librarianship at Amherst College. She continued her work as a librarian from 1911-1918 with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she was responsible for compiling bibliographies of events related to international law for the American Journal of International Law. While working, she attended night classes at the Washington College of Law, receiving her Bachelor of Law degree in 1913 and her Master of Law in 1914. After her graduation, she was admitted to the bar but did not enter into practice. Instead, she continued her work for the Carnegie Endowment, while also serving as a lecturer on criminal law and equity jurisprudence, as well as holding the position of Professor of Law at her alma mater.

In 1918, she became the first woman to serve as judge in the nation's capital, when President Wilson appointed her to the head of the Juvenile Court of Washington, D.C. One member of the Senate Committee objected to her appointment by arguing "that in his state a woman was not a citizen of the United States, and in his opinion a judge should be a citizen of this country." Fortunately, the senator eventually changed his mind on the matter. Sellers served as judge of the Juvenile Court from 1918 until her retirement in 1934. Though not all viewed Sellers' work in the best light, she did bring about several positive changes for the children of the court. First, upon entering the position, she swiftly caught up with the backlog of cases waiting to be heard, so that each case going forward would be heard in a timely manner. She also changed the requirement for children to be detained during their case investigation period; she allowed them to return to their home, under probation. In the court itself, instead of having the children stand throughout the proceedings, as in most other juvenile courts, Sellers had them sit, as she thought children would be more willing to talk if seated. In conversation, she "radiate[d] a friendliness that [was] at the same time thoroughly just." She also made "a few direct, kindly remarks" to each child before they left the courtroom.

Though Sellers was not married, she did not lack for living companions during her years in Washington, D.C. After Sellers' father passed away in 1895, her mother came to live with her in D.C., along with Sellers' younger siblings, Henry and Mary. Sellers' brother James had two daughters with his wife; after his wife passed away, the daughters came to live with Sellers and her mother. After her brother Charles' wife passed away in 1911, their two children (both of whom were still babies) moved into the D.C. household, and Sellers acted as a surrogate mother to her niece and nephew. Though Sellers's mother passed away in 1916, her brother Charles joined the household by 1920.

While Sellers described herself as a suffragist, and many sources credit Sellers with serving as the president of the National College Equal Suffrage League, the only definitive record of her from the organization itself is in the role of secretary in 1913, for the Washington, D.C. chapter of the National College Equal Suffrage League. She also helped with holding "street meetings" for suffragists in the years leading up to the 19th Amendment. She was also among the marchers in the lawyers' sections of a suffragist parade in Washington, D.C., in March 1920. Speaking as the keynote in 1920, at a meeting of women leaders in the federal government, she said, "We who have been called to public office owe a duty not only to the women before us whose untiring efforts made it possible for us to aspire to the positions we hold, but—more than that—we owe to the women who are to come after us the duty of performing our work so well that the great opportunities open to the women of today may be still greater tomorrow."

In 1927, she spoke at the memorial service for Dean Emma Gillett, who led the Lawyers' Council section of the National Woman's Party.

Sellers broke her hip in early 1932, an issue that apparently continued to plague her during the rest of her life. She retired from the Juvenile Court in 1934 and passed away on February 23, 1939.

Sources:

"1900 United States Federal Census - AncestryLibrary.com." Accessed August 8, 2019.

"1910 United States Federal Census - AncestryLibrary.com." Accessed June 17, 2019.

"1920 United States Federal Census - AncestryLibrary.com." Accessed June 7, 2019.

Adams, Mildred. "First on a Federal Bench." Woman's Journal 9, no. 21 (1925): 12, 24–25.

Alexander-Fonde, Lynda. American Patriot vs. Hessian Mercenary: Fourteen Generations of the Arnolds, the Maughts, the Richards and Related Families, 1550-1991. Trenton, NJ: L. Alexander-Fonde, 1991.

Cameron, Mabel Ward. The Biographical Cyclopaedia of American Women. 3 vols. New York: The Halvord Publishing Company, 1924.

"Correspondence and Business Papers of The National College Equal Suffrage League," 2018. M. Carey Thomas Collection: Bryn Mawr College Archives. http://www.genderidentityandsocialchange.amdigital.co.uk/Documents/Details/BMC_1DB2_Thomas_09.

Howes, Durward. American Women: The Official Who's Who among the Women of the Nation. Vol. 3. Los Angeles, Calif.: American Publications, 1939.

"Illustrious Career Ended with Burial in Oakdale Cemetery Here Sunday," Marysville Journal-Tribune (Marysville, OH), February 27, 1939.

Jamison, Helen E. "Activities of W. C. L. Aid Suffrage Cause: Founders, Faculty and Students United to Emancipate Women--Amusing Incidents Come to Light: Part III," The College Grit, November 22, 1920.

"Judge Sellers Credits 'T.R.' With Her Start: As Civil Service Commissioner He Established Precedent in Her Favor," The Washington Post, October 17, 1933.

"Mary L. Sellers," U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current. AncestryLibrary.com. Accessed June 17, 2019.

"Memorial and a Re-Dedication, A," Equal Rights, May 21, 1927.

Mennel, Robert M. Thorns & Thistles: Juvenile Delinquents in the United States 1825-1940. Hanover: Published for the University of New Hampshire by the University Press of New England, 1973.

"Miss Kathryn Sellers," U.S., Register of Civil, Military, and Naval Service, 1863-1959. AncestryLibrary.com. Accessed June 17, 2019.

"Miss Sellers, Former Judge Here, Is Dead: Succumbs at 68; Held Juvenile Court Post for 16 Years," The Washington Post, February 24, 1939.

Mussey, Ellen Spencer. "The Law and the Lady," Suffragist: Official Weekly Organ of the National Woman's Party 1 (June 1920): 94.

NOAA US Department of Commerce. "History of the National Weather Service." Accessed June 11, 2019. https://www.weather.gov/timeline.

Riley, Grace Hays. "Judge Kathryn Sellers," Women Lawyers' Journal 25, no. 3 (June 1939): 78.

Rowe, Lily Lykes. "Judge Kathryn Sellers," Ladies' Home Journal, January 1920.

Ida Husted Harper, et al., eds. History of Woman Suffrage. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. New York: National American Woman Suffrage Association, 1922. [LINK]

Testimonies: District of Columbia Investigation: Hearings before the Subcommittee of the Committee on the District of Columbia, House of Representatives, Sixty-ninth Congress, First Session, Appointed to Investigate Affairs of the District of Columbia, § Subcommittee of the Committee on the District of Columbia (June 10, 1926).

"W.C. of L. Grad. Member First Woman's Cabinet: Kathryn Sellers Sounds KeyNote of Meeting; Duty to Successors Emphasized: Women Guests of University Club: Old Order Is Gone," The College Grit, November 1, 1920.

"Woman For D.C. Bench: President Names Miss K. Sellers Judge of Juvenile Court," The Washington Post, July 2, 1918.

 

Image from: Proctor, John Clagett, Frank P. Black, and E. Melvin Williams, eds. Washington, Past and Present: A History. Vol. 3. New York: Lewis Historical PubCo, 1930.

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