Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890–1920
Biography of Bertha Violet Shippen Irving, 1876-1945
By Lisa Hendrickson, Independent Historian
Bertha Violet Shippen was born on October 18, 1876 in St. Louis, Missouri, the daughter of Elizabeth Jones Winslow and Judge Joseph Shippen. One of Elizabeth Jones Winslow's descendants, Kenein Winslow, came over on the Mayflower. Another descendant, Peter Folger, was one of Nantucket's first settlers and was Benjamin Franklin's maternal grandfather. Members of the Shippen family were prominent in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in the Philadelphia area. Edward Shippen III (1703-1781), Miss Shippen's great-great-grandfather, was a founder of both the College of New Jersey in 1746 (which became Princeton University in 1753) and the Philadelphia Academy (which later became the University of Pennsylvania). Edward III was also the founder of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, and in 1744 was elected the mayor of Philadelphia. Edward III's brother, Dr. William H. Shippen Sr. (1712-1801), was a doctor and a member of the Continental Congress. In 1750, Dr. William H. Shippen Sr. and his son Joseph W. Shippen built a mansion called Old Shippen Manor that still stands and is a museum in Oxford Furnace, New Jersey. Bertha's great-aunt, Margaret (Peggy) Shippen (1760-1804), was the second wife of Benedict Arnold. Her great-grandfather, Coronel Joseph Shippen Jr. (1732-1810), graduated from Princeton in 1753, was Secretary to the Governor of Pennsylvania (William Penn), and was a judge at the county court in Lancaster, PA.
Bertha's father, Judge Joseph Shippen (1839-1909?) graduated from Harvard and was appointed as the commissioner to hospitals in Philadelphia. The family moved around, first settling in Missouri, but by 1880 they were in Yonkers, New York; by the 1890s in Chicago, Illinois.; and by 1909 in Philadelphia. Initially, Bertha attended public school in Chicago, but later studied in private schools in Heidelberg, Stuttgart, Paris, and Geneva. She graduated from the Faelten School of Music in Boston and became a successful piano teacher in both Chicago and New York. In addition to her formal schooling, she helped teach music and English classes at Hull House in Chicago under the direction of Jane Addams.
On February 21, 1899, Bertha married Robert Archibald Irving in Chicago. They had four children, Helen Elizabeth, Margaret, Robert Shippen, and Edward Weaslow. Like the Shippens, the Irving family moved around a lot, first residing in Chicago and then in Philadelphia. By 1911 they had moved to Haddonfield, New Jersey (401 Mansion Avenue), where Mr. Irving had his own insurance business. Robert A. Irving ran for Congress in 1914, but was defeated by Frank F. Patterson. In June of 1929, Mr. Irving passed away. Bertha's son, Robert Shippen Irving (1909-1980), had become a prominent banker in Philadelphia. From 1934-1940 he served as an underwriting supervisor for the Federal Housing Administration and served as treasurer for the National Corporation for Housing Partnerships in Washington from 1970-1973.
Mrs. Irving was active in the woman suffrage movement and, like many suffragists, was also active in the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU). The WCTU began working with the New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association in 1884. Starting in 1915, Mrs. Irving's suffrage activities included giving speeches and lectures at many meetings across New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. She was the chairman of the Camden County Suffrage Association and from 1915-1917 she was also the Congressional Chairman of the Third Congressional District of New Jersey. She was a featured speaker at the suffrage convention in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in January, 1916. The focus of that convention was to analyze the reasons woman suffrage had been defeated the previous fall. Throughout 1917, she actively campaigned for woman suffrage in New York State.
Mrs. Irving's political involvement began after women won the right to vote. In the years 1920, 1921, and 1922, she ran as a candidate for the New Jersey State Assembly. An ardent Democrat, at the 1924 New Jersey Democratic National Convention she served as an alternate delegate representing the First District. For 13 years she was a member of the Camden County Democratic Committee serving several years as vice chairman.
In addition to the woman suffrage movement, Bertha Irving was very involved in civic issues, including temperance and prison reform. Some of the organizations she was involved with were the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Legislative Committee of the State Federation of Women's Clubs, the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), the Mothers' Congress of New Jersey, the Women's Committee of the Council of Nation Defense (during WWI), the New Jersey League of Women Voters, the State Executive Board of the Consumers' League, and the Philadelphia Music Club. A very active and outspoken member of the state board of education, Mrs. Irving proposed to make the State Education Commissioner the executive officer of the state board, which would help increase cooperation between the State Department of Education and the State Board of Education. She also lobbied for temperance education in high schools. Governor Moore appointed her to the State Board of Regents in 1932. Although she had been very active in the temperance movement, in 1926, the Camden county branch of the WCTU ousted her from its membership because of her statements that prohibition had been a failure and that temperance would best be achieved through education of youth.
In June of 1933 she was named acting postmaster of Haddonfield and was nominated for the permanent job by President Roosevelt. Confirmed by the Senate in 1936, she was the first woman to hold this position. In her later years she lived at 228 King's Highway East in Haddonfield, New Jersey. She passed away at home on March 26, 1945.
New Jersey Historical Society website: www.jerseyhistory.org (the Shippen family papers: 1750-1775)
www.methleyarchive.org (For additional information there is a collection of Shippen family letters at The Winterthur Library)
Gordon, Felice D. After Winning: the Legacy of the New Jersey Suffragists, 1920-1947 (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1986), pp. 58, 81, 97, 98, 100. https://books.google.com/books?id=6lkqAAAAYAAJ
Scannell, John James, and William Edgar Sackett. Scanell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide-Volume 2, (Patterson: J.J. Scannell, 1919), pp. 577-79. https://books.google.com/books?id=D5JPAAAAYAAJ
"Suffrage Convention Tomorrow Night," The Courier-News, January 20, 1916, p. 1.
"Parties Name Chiefs in Camden County," Trenton Times, October 3, 1922. p. ?
"Lively Debate in State School Board on Temperance Instructions," The Daily News, February 10, 1924, p. 1.
"School Survey Not Endorsed by the State Board," The Daily Home News, January 12, 1925, p. 3.
"Camden W.C.T.U. Ousts Mrs. Irving as Lukewarm ‘Dry'", Philadelphia Inquirer, January 8, 1926, p. 1.
"Bertha Shippen Irving Passes Suddenly," Haddon Gazette (Haddonfield, NJ), March 29, 1945, p. 8.
"Teachers Asked Change," Asbury Park Press (Asbury Park, New Jersey), April 1, 1926, p. 5.
New Jersey Department of Education, "Mrs. Robert A. Irving appointed a member of the State Board of Education," Education Bulletin, Volumes 8-9, June 1923, p. 186-187.
Harvard College, Report of the Class of 1860, (Boston: Harvard Press, 1860), p. 82.
Photograph of Bertha Irving from Google: https://goo.gl/images/ePEJWq
Photo of Bertha Irving from The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 8. 1926, p. 1
- Federal Census: 1900, 1910, 1920, 1940
- US Cities Directories 1822-1995
- NJ State Census: 1915
- McKay Family Tree