Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890–1920

Biography of Hortense Andrews Sloan, 1869–1912

By Nancy Alexander Simmons, Fairfax Station, VA

Woman Suffrage Activist

Hortense C. Andrews was born September 8, 1869, in Conneaut, Ashtabula County, Ohio, to Harrison A. Andrews and Cordelia Payne Andrews. Her father was a farmer and a teacher who had served as a Union soldier during the Civil War. She married Edwin R. Sloan in Hancock, Ohio, on July 12, 1893. Sloan initially lived in Jay, Indiana, where her husband was a glass cutter and her two daughters were born. In November 1900, Sloan moved with her family to Jackson, Mississippi, where her husband worked for Cotton Oil Company.

In December 1906, Belle Kearney—a temperance reformer and lecturer—invited Sloan, Mrs. Hala Hammond Butt, and Dr. Delia Randall to join her for a meeting at which the four women reorganized the Mississippi State Suffrage Association. This appears to be the only documentation of Sloan's suffrage activities.

As with many other suffragists, Sloan was active in local church and social events. Sloan was described as "a devout member of the First Presbyterian Church" who "gave up a great portion of her time to work for the church and carry out its objects." From 1908 through 1911, Sloan was active in The Research Club, which was founded in Jackson in 1908 with the motto "To Forecast the Future. Study the Past." The club studied various topics, including Shakespeare, art, and history. Sloan hosted the first meeting of the club, and was elected its corresponding secretary in October 1909. At the club's March 1911 meeting, Sloan gave a two-minute talk on Ohio assuming statehood; while other members did the same for other states. Mattie Kirkpatrick, another suffragist, was also a member of the club.

Sloan died after a brief illness on January 19, 1912, at her home in Jackson. She was known for her generosity and charitable actions and was described as "a sweet, noble woman...beloved by everyone." She was interred at Cedarlawn Cemetery in Jackson.


1900 U.S. Census, Indiana. Dunkirk, Jay County, p. 6, Enumeration District: 0069. Digital images.

1910 U.S. Census, Mississippi. Jackson, Hinds County, p. 4A, Enumeration District: 018. Digital images.

Harper, Ida Husted, et al., eds. The History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. VI (1900-1920). N.p.: National American Woman Suffrage Association, 1922, p. 326-27. [LINK]

"Mrs. E. R. Sloan Dead." Jackson Daily News, January 20, 1912, p. 5. Available through

"The Research Club." Jackson Daily News, March 5, 1911, p. 9. Available through

"The Research Club." Jackson Daily News, October 24, 1909, p. 1. Available through

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