Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890-1920
Biography of Anne Henrietta Martin, 1875-1951
By Holly Van Valkenburgh, Nevada Women's History Project; Condensed by Kay Sanders, Nevada Women's History Project
President of the Nevada Equal Franchise Society, 1912;
Anne Henrietta Martin was born in Empire City, Nevada. Her father was a member of the Nevada State Senate 1875-1879. He was involved in a mercantile store in Empire City, but moved the family to San Francisco in 1880 when the town declined. They returned to Reno, Nevada, in 1883.
Anne and her sisters attend Bishop Whittaker's School for Girls in Reno. She earned a Bachelor of Arts degree at Nevada State University at the age of 19. In two years at Stanford University she earned a bachelor's degree in history and a year later, a master's degree in history. She returned to Reno and founded the Department of History at Nevada State University where she was on the faculty from 1897-1901.
Taking a leave of absence, Anne spent ten years studying and travelling. She became involved in the suffragist struggle in England and was arrested for "disturbing the peace" during her stay. In 1912 Anne returned to Nevada and was elected president of the Nevada Equal Franchise Society. Their intensive campaign under Anne's outstanding leadership paid dividends. Between 1912 and 1914, Anne made speaking tours through every Nevada county and continued to head the women's organization which secured the necessary second passage of the State Constitution Suffrage Amendment in 1913. This successful campaign was triumphant, winning the hard fought victory for women's suffrage which passed by popular vote in Nevada on November 3, 1914. Anne also played a key role in speeding up the passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which guaranteed the right of suffrage to women in America.
Anne was an unsuccessful independent candidate for the U.S. Senate from Nevada in 1918 and 1920. She and her mother sold the house in Reno in 1921 and moved to Carmel, California. In 1945 Miss Martin was awarded an honorary degree as Doctor of Laws by the University of Nevada. In her later years, Anne spent much of her time in Reno, living at the Golden Hotel and using the Washoe County Library for research. She died in 1951 in Carmel, California.
Dave Basso, comp. Anne Martin, Pioneer Nevada Feminist: Selected Writings. Sparks, Falcon Hill Press, 1986.
Anne Bail Howard. The Long Campaign: A Biography of Anne Martin. Reno, UNR Press, 1985.
Dennis Myers. "A Rebel and a Cause." Stanley W. Paher, ed., Nevada: Official Bicentennial Book. Las Vegas: Nevada Publications, 1976. p. 411-413.
Wilbur S. Shepperson, ed. East of Eden, West of Zion: Essays on Nevada. Reno, UNR Press, 1989. pp. 61-63.
Guy Rocha. "Who Was the First Woman to Run for the U.S. Senate?" Nevada State Archives, Historical Myth a Month, Myth # 47.
Ann Warren Smith. "The Origins of Woman Suffrage", in Stanley Paher, ed., Nevada: Official Bicentennial Book. Las Vegas: Nevada Publications, 1976.
Iveagh Hunt Sterry. "Miss Anne Martin, at 15, Pictures Life at Bishop Whittaker Academy", Nevada State Journal, March 15, 1953, p. 6.
Holly Van Valkenburgh. "Anne Henrietta Martin." A Biography on the Nevada Women's History Project website. http://www.nevadawomen.org/research-center/biographies-alphabetical/anne-henrietta-martin/