How Did Iowa Women Activists Lobby for the
Passage of the Juvenile Court Law, 1904?


Clapp, Elizabeth J. Mothers of All Children: Women Reformers and the Rise of Juvenile Courts in Progressive Era America. University Park, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.

International Prison Commission. Children's Courts in the United States: Their Origin, Development, and Results. Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1904.

Knupfer, Anne Meis. Reform and Resistance: Gender, Delinquency, and America's First Juvenile Courts. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Ladd-Taylor, Molly. Mother-Work: Women, Child Welfare and the State, 1890-1930. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Lou, Herbert H. Juvenile Courts in the United States. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1927.

Modine, Hazel Hillis. "A Biography of Cora Bussey Hillis."

Rothman, David. Conscience and Convenience: The Asylum and its Alternatives in Progressive America. New York: Harper Collins, 1980.

Walker, Samuel. Popular Justice: A History of American Criminal Justice. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

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