Why Did Colorado Suffragists Fail to Win the Right to Vote in 1877,
but Succeed in 1893?


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Grimshaw, Patricia and Katherine Ellinghaus. "'A Higher Step for the Race': Caroline Nichols Churchill, the QUEEN BEE and Woman's Suffrage in Colorado, 1879-1893." Australasian Journal of American Studies, 20 (December 2001): 29-46.

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______________. “Let the Women Vote.” Colorado Magazine, 41 (1964): 13-26.

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Leonard, Stephen J. “‘Bristling for Their Rights’: Colorado’s Women and the Mandate of 1893.” Colorado Heritage, 13 (Spring 1993): 7-13.

Marilley, Suzanne M. Woman Suffrage and the Origins of Liberal Feminism in the United States, 1820-1920. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage, eds. The History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. III. Rochester, N.Y.: Charles Mann, 1886; Source Book Press, 1970.

______________. The History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. IV. Indianapolis, Ind.: Hollenbeck Press, 1902; Source Book Press, 1970.

Stefanco, Carolyn. “Networking on the Frontier: The Colorado Woman’s Suffrage Movement, 1876-1893.” In The Women’s West, eds. Susan Armitage and Elizabeth Jameson. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987: 265-76.

______________. “Harvest of Discontent: The Depression of 1893 and the Women’s Vote.” Colorado Heritage, 13 (Spring 1993): 16-21.

Sumner, Helen L. Equal Suffrage. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1909; New York: Arno Press, 1972.

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