What Perspectives Did African American Advocates Bring to the Birth Control Movement and How Did Those Perspectives Shape the History of the Harlem Branch Birth Control Clinic?

Related Links

Margaret Sanger Papers Project, New York University

This excellent website is maintained by the editorial project, the Margaret Sanger Papers Project, housed at New York University and directed by Dr. Esther Katz. The project has prepared a major microfilm edition of the papers and has completed the first volume of a four-volume book edition of selected papers. This website is the place to start to explore the work of this valuable editorial project.

If you register for this website you will be able to access the next two links to useful articles from the archives of the project's newsletter.

"Hannah Stone: The Madonna of the Clinic," Margaret Sanger Papers Newsletter, 9 (Winter 1994/5)

A useful biographical sketch of the physician who played such an important role in the work of the Clinical Research Bureau and the first years of the Harlem birth control clinic. From this page one can access many articles on Sanger from back issues of the Project's newsletter.

"The Demonization of Margaret Sanger," Margaret Sanger Papers Newsletter, 16 (Fall 1997)

The response of historians employed on the Margaret Sanger Papers Project to attacks on Margaret Sanger by contemporary opponents of legalized abortion. From this page one can access many articles on Sanger from back issues of the Project's newsletter.

Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College

The Margaret Sanger Papers are divided between two repositories, the Sophia Smith Collection and the Library of Congress. The Sophia Smith Collection is one of the leading repositories for documents on women and social movements, particularly in the twentieth century. From the Finding Aids listing on the website one can access both the Papers of Margaret Sanger and those of Florence Rose, two important actors in the history of the Harlem birth control clinic.

Papers of Margaret Sanger

Papers of Florence Rose

Image Archive of the American Eugenics Movement, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

As of March 2006 this website included nine virtual exhibits exploring the origin and development of Eugenics in the United States, including overview essays by academics and numerous images on the history of the American Eugenics Movement. On the racism of some advocates of Eugenics, see Paul Lombardo, "Eugenic Laws Against Race Mixing," available by scrolling through the site's virtual exhibits.

Constance Fisher Papers, University of Minnesota Libraries

A finding aid to the papers of Constance Fisher, an African American social worker, who was an author of one of the articles in the special "Negro Number" of the Birth Control Review (see Document 17H).

Harlem 1900-1940

This online exhibition at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library provides valuable context for Harlem before and during the period of the establishment of the Harlem birth control clinic. A section of the exhibit explores the history of Harlem Hospital.

Bessye Bearden Papers: Biographical Information, The New York Public Library

This listing includes a biographical sketch of Bessye Bearden, who served on the Harlem. birth control clinic's Advisory Council. The collection is a small one,consisting of a single archival box with five folders, covering the period 1922-1944.


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