How Did Women Shape the Discourse and Further Interracial Cooperation in the Worldwide Mass Movement to "Free the Scottsboro Boys"?

Document List



Scottsboro Participants

Robin D. G. Kelley, "Scottsboro Case," 1998

Part One: The Trials, 1931-1933

Document 1: Helen Marcy, "Whip up Lynch Mobs Against 9 Negroes in Alabama," 4 April 1931

Document 2: Helen Marcy, "‘Save Us’ Negro Boys Write Folks in Chattanooga," 18 April 1931

Document 3: Hollace Ransdell, "Report on the Scottsboro, Ala. Case for the American Civil Liberties Union," 27 May 1931

Document 4: Mary Licht, "I Remember the Scottsboro Defense," 15 February 1997

Document 5: Ada Wright, "My Two Sons Face the Electric Chair," September 1931

Document 6: Mary Heaton Vorse, "The Scottsboro Trial," 19 April 1933

Document 7: Excerpts from the Testimony of Ruby Bates, April 1933

Document 8: Mary Heaton Vorse, "How Scottsboro Happened," 10 May 1933

Part Two: The Defense in the Streets, 1931-1936

Document 9: Helen Marcy, "Mrs. Patterson, Back from N.Y. Tells of Mass Drive to Save 9," 9 May 1931

Document 10: "Reds Score Pastor for Ban at Church," 21 October 1931

Document 11: Viola Montgomery, "Free Our Innocent Children," August 1932

Document 12A: "Police Clubs Rout 200 Defiant Reds, Smash Banners and Scatter Harlem Marchers Who Lacked Permit," 26 April 1931

Document 12B: "Mass Protest Already Gains Points in Court; Mrs. Wright and Girl Welcomed by New York Workers; Members Hit N.A.A.C.P. Traitors," 16 May 1931

Document 12C: "Thousands in Protest March in New York," 23 May 1931

Document 12D: "Protest at Executions. Speakers Here Say Eight Negroes in Alabama Were ‘Railroaded,’" 29 June 1931

Document 12E: "Mrs. Williams in Greenville Meet," 18 July 1931

Document 12F: "Prepare Scottsboro Defense Conference in N.Y. Sept. 13; Local United Front Scottsboro Defense Committee Warns Against Let Down in Campaign; Miss Maddox Speaks in Superior," 7 September 1931

Document 12G: "10,000 Hear Pleas to Free Negroes; Union Square Traffic Halted as Reds Urge Racial Unity in Scottsboro Defense…Mother of Condemned Youth Appeals for Funds," 15 April 1933

Document 12H: "5,000 Fight Police in Harlem Streets; Trouble Starts as Tear Gas Is Used to Halt an Unlicensed Scottsboro Protest Meeting," 18 March 1934

Document 12I: "100,000 Rally Here With No Disorder; Reds Throng Union Square to Cheer for Revolution -- Their Parade Lasts All Day," 2 May 1934

Document 13: "Mrs. Ada Wright--Mother of Two of the Scottsboro Boys--Just Returned from Europe--Will Make her First Public Appearance in Harlem," 17 December 1932

Document 14: "Hail the Heroic Scottsboro Mother, Mrs. Ada Wright!" 17 December 1932

Document 15: I.L.D. Open Letter, May 1933

Document 16: Harlem Section I.L.D. Branches

Document 17: "On to Washington! Working People of Harlem, Negro and White!" Rally Handbill, 1933

Document 18: "Ruby Bates Tells Story," 6 May 1933

Document 19: National Scottsboro Action Committee, "Hear Ruby Bates," Rally Handbill, 10 May 1933

Document 20: "Demonstrate!" Rally Handbill, April 1934

Document 21: Marguerite Young, "Class War Mother's Day," June 1934

Document 22: "Stop Scottsboro Murder on December 7th!" Rally Handbill, October 1934

Document 23: Scottsboro: The Shame of America, The True Story and the True Meaning of This Famous Case, 1936

Part Three: Clarina Michelson and the Communist Party in Harlem

Document 24: Clarina Michelson, Excerpts from Oral History, 29 October 1979

Document 25: Clarina Michelson, Directive to the Harlem Section of the Communist Party on Negro Recruitment, 1933

Document 26: Clarina Michelson to Comrades Ford and Krumbein, 1 June 1934

Document 27: "Clarina Michelson, Communist Candidate for Assembly, 15th Assembly District, NYC," 30 October 1934



Project Credits

Related Links

back to top