What Infant and Maternal Health Services Did Middle-Class Clubwomen Provide
for Immigrant Women and Children in New York City, 1917-1920?


        Middle- and upper-class women in the Women's City Club of New York established a maternity Center in 1917 to serve working-class immigrant women and children from the Lower East Side. These documents show how their motivations and organizing strategies as women reformers set an example that city officials eventually followed.

back to top